Tampa, Florida : Self defense industry expert David Happe has released a white paper titled :
Progression of Force Model in Law Enforcement:
Prioritizing De-Escalation and Non-Lethal Alternatives
The report can be reviewed and downloaded at :
About David Happe : Considered one of the foremost experts in less lethal self defense, Happe has served as the Executive Vice President for Mace Pepper Spray, the President and Director of Law Enforcement Aerosols for Fox Labs/Byrna, and the founder of Vigilant Personal Protection Systems.