Working with a Family Immigration is a very confusing task since there is so much to keep in mind. These are some of the important information related to family immigration.
What is Family Immigration?
In Family immigrations, family members from their home countries are brought to a foreign country with the help of the member living in that foreign country legally.
Family Immigration is a work of two family members – the petitioner and the beneficiary.
The petitioner, the member initiating the process has to be either a citizen or an authentic resident of the country, while the beneficiary is the one that travels.
What are the types of Family Immigration?
Family-based Immigration can be categorized into two sections – Immediate Relative and Family preference.
• Immediate Relative (IR):
These are those family members who share an immediate bond with the petitioner. In the case of IRs, there is no limitation in the number of immigrants within a fiscal year. IR immigrants are of five types:
• IR – 1: Spouse of the Petitioner
• IR – 2: Unmarried child (below 21 years) of the Petitioner
• IR – 3: An orphan adopted abroad by the petitioner
• IR – 4: Orphan to be adopted in the petitioner’s resident country by him or her
• IR – 5: Parents of the petitioner (at least 21 years and above)
• Family Preference (F):
These are applicable for those members who are a bit distant relative of the petitioner. For this category, the immigrant number in a fiscal year has to be within numerical restrictions. The F immigrants are of four types:
• Family First Preference – F1: Unmarried child and other minor children if any.
• Family Second Preference – F2: Spouses, unmarried sons and daughters who are either 21 years or over 21 years and minor children as well.
• Family Third Preference – F3: Married sons and daughters of the petitioner along with the former’s minor children
• Family Fourth Preference – F4: Brothers and sisters of the petitioner and the former’s spouse and children.
Grandparents, in-laws, cousins, aunts and uncles can never initiate family immigration. From ir1 help to f4 help refer to a professional site
Which are the documents required for the application?
There is a long list of paper works that need to be verified before the ultimate travels; these documents are as follows:
• An at least a six months validity passport
• Two recently clicked colored photos
• Appointment letter (for NVCs) and courier confirmation letter
• A certified birth certificate of all the members included
• An authentic adoption, marriage (if divorced then divorce certificate, or statement of annulment and if dead then death certificate) or baptismal certificate if applicable
• Legal evidence of change of name (except marriage)
• Police certificates
• Court and Prison records if any
• Military certifications if applicable
• Evidence of Support
• Attachments of translation copies if the documents aren’t in English
• Proof of the payment of the fees.
How to go about with the process?
The process takes place in three simple steps, and they are as follows:
• The resident member mails a petition on an immigration form attaching with it all the necessary documents.
• Once the petition is received, the immigration service officials will check the reality of all the documents. If all goes well the mail gets forwarded to the national visa center and if denied the mail will be returned for corrections, and you send it again.
• Lastly, for IRs, the visa arrives almost immediately, but for F (1, 2, 3, and 4) they need to wait for a year.
This is just a basic outline of the process, for further detailing always contact an authentic source.